The European Union is the world’s biggest wine producer and winemaking is the main economic activity of many regions in the South of Europe.
Therefore, the wine sector invests heavily in state-of-the-art technology in order to develop innovative solutions for maintaining quality and sustainability requirements.
Agriculture plays an important role in climate change effects itself, being responsible for more than 20% of CO2 emissions. Sustainable agriculture has the purpose to maximise the net benefit for people by developing new farming practices and methodologies to meet current and future societal needs for food, ecosystem services and human health, whilst reducing the climate change negative effects.
According to some studies, the shifting patterns of agricultural production in response to climate change could cause a decrease between 25%-75% of major wine producing regions by 2050. This will have catastrophic direct effects from economic, social and cultural points of view.
A better prediction of the main grapevine phenological stages and being able to optimise critical vineyard management practices, will help to improve the wineries resources and tasks planning, and reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases as well as the amount of chemicals and fertilizers used on the fields, thus decreasing negative environmental externalities and climate change effects.